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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

OLAVE, Giohanny. The rhetorical construction of the Colombian armed conflict: Metaphor and legitimization of warlike status of the conflict. Rev. signos [online]. 2012, vol.45, n.80, pp.300-321. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342012000300004.

This paper presents an approach to the recent armed conflict in Colombia based on discourse analysis, from a corpus of official statements of the President of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, which refers to the State Army combat with the guerrillas of the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, Ejército del Pueblo, FARC-EP. The analysis focuses on the argumentative dimension of metaphorical uses in the political arena. Two theoretical models areappliedto the casestudy: a cognitive model and an argumentative one, that converge on the results, highlightingthe search forlegitimacythe warlike status of the conflict, by the actor who uses the metaphor. We conclude that the conceptual metaphor provides a cognitive framework within which the acceptability, relevance and suitability of the premises are hardly taken up for discussion by the audience. Both the support (the strength of the experience) and the warrant (the force of the principles) are presented as discursive constructions that serve the acceptability of the claim, understood as an integrated conceptual space. Finally, we discuss the logic that underlies the construction instituted from conceptual metaphor, and we expect to continue the study of armed conflict based on the socio-cognitive oriented discourse approach.

Palabras clave : Discourse; argumentation; conceptual metaphor; blending.

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