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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934


OLIVER, Esther  y  GATT, Suzanne. From power-related communicative acts to dialogic communicative acts in classrooms organised in interactive groups. Rev. signos [online]. 2010, vol.43, suppl.2, pp.279-294. ISSN 0718-0934.

Interactive groups is the form of classroom organisation that is having quite a success in Europe in terms of overcoming school failure and coexistence problems. The analysis carried out in the INCLuD-ED project identified that one of the keys to this success was the continuous replacement of power-related communicative acts, which are typical of traditional classrooms, with dialogic communicative acts. The power-related communicative acts, which affect students either excluded from ordinary classrooms or placed in compensatory education classes or removed from mainstream areas through other forms of educational segregation, are transformed into dialogic communicative acts in groups based on egalitarian dialogue (which involves the conditions of sincerity and consensus). This article develops the provious argument through an in-depth analysis of educational actions linked to school failure and based on power-related communicative acts, in which there is a predominance of power-related interaction. Special attention was paid to power-related communicative acts in segregationist practices that mainly affect students belonging to vulnerable groups. Furthermore, interactive groups are studied as a successful educational action in which dialogic interaction predominates, based on egalitarian dialogue. Consequently, a greater impact on an improvement in educational results can be achieved using this form of organisation. As a result of our analysis, the main elements which explain the link both between power-related communicative acts and school failure, and between dialogic communicative acts and educational success are identified.

Palabras clave : Dialogic interactions; power interactions; egalitarian dialogue; interactive groups; successful educational actions.

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