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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

MAKUC, Margarita. Teachers' implicit theories of text comprehension. Rev. signos [online]. 2008, vol.41, n.68, pp.403-422. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342008000300003.

This article attempts to describe text comprehension processes from teachers' implicit theories. Theoretically, it is suggested that the subjects elaborate theories of several domains of their experience. These theories constitute a sort of implicit knowledge that will be at the base of the subjects' decisions and actions (Dienes & Perner, 1999; Pozo, 2001; Rodrigo & Correa, 2001). To achieve this, two data gathering techniques were employed: a focus group and metacognition questionnaires. The findings help identify three implicit theories: linear, interactive, and transactional. The predominance of the linear theory in the focus group findings and of the interactive theory in those of the metacognition questionnaire help infer that implicit theories guiding teachers' actions vary and adapt to contextual characteristics and to the demands they meet, activating a linear theory in teaching contexts and an interactive theory in individual reading contexts.

Palabras clave : Implicit theories; textual comprehension; Focus Group; metacomprehension.

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