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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

VAN DIJK, Teun. Discourse and manipulation: Theoretical discussion and some applications . Rev. signos [online]. 2006, vol.39, n.60, pp.49-74. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342006000100003.

Manipulation is a notion often used, but seldom made explicit. Because manipulation is usually discursive, and involves power abuse, it should be studied by Critical Discourse Studies. In this multidisciplinary paper, a multidisciplinary, "triangular" approach examines the social, cognitive and discursive aspects of manipulation. The social dimension manipulation is examined in terms of power abuse by the symbolic elites who have preferential access to public discourse, and manipulate groups of people in their own best interests and against the interests of their victims. The cognitive dimension of manipulation explains how discourse processing, and the formation of mental models and social representations is controlled by manipulated discourse. And the discursive analysis focuses on the typical properties of discourse that are used in manipulating the minds of the recipients, such as positive self-presentation and negative other presentation at all levels of discourse, and within a context that features the typical constraints of manipulative situations: powerful speakers and recipients who lack specific resources, e.g., knowledge, to resist manipulation.

Palabras clave : Manipulation; Critical Discourse Analysis; mind control; mental models.

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