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Revista signos

versão On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumo

GUTIERREZ, Rosa María. Latent Semantic Analysis: A psychological theory of the meaning? . Rev. signos [online]. 2005, vol.38, n.59, pp.303-323. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342005000300003.

LSA, Latent Semantic Analysis, is a type of computational analysis based on a mathematical algorithm that helps to determine and quantify the similarity of meaning among pieces of texts whose field of knowledge is the same. Due to its functionality, LSA has been considered a psychological theory of meaning (Kintsch, 2002), able to emulate and explain how human beings learn, determine and use the meaning of words (Landauer & Dumais, 1997) and knowledge in general (Landauer, Foltz & Laham, 1998). Arguing in favor or against LSA, beyond the classical debate over whether a mechanism not endowed with conscience can indeed respond to such complex issues (Perfetti, 1998), means getting to know and understanding what the LSA working system is. This is the main reason to present a brief description of the LSA system, starting from its mathematical basis, the relationship between its basis and its underlying semantic assumptions, and two applications developed for the study of cognitive processes. Essentially, the article covers a revision and bibliographical discussion aimed at compiling information found in other sources to disseminate it in Spanish with the purpose of questioning and discussing the semantic nature ascribed to this analysis from a linguistic perspective.

Palavras-chave : Latent Semantic Analysis; psychological theory of meaning; latent similarity.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol

 

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