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vol.37 número56Especificidad, especialización y variabilidad verbal: Una aproximación computacional en estadística léxicaAn-atomía/Desaparición del cuerpo en Excesos, de Mauricio Wacquez índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

WITTIG, Fernando. Narrative structure in oral discourse by elder speakers. Rev. signos [online]. 2004, vol.37, n.56, pp.91-101. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342004005600007.

Normal aging implies cognitive changes that result in different problems regarding the production of narrative discourse (Kemper, 1992; Craik, Andreson, Kerr & Li, 1995; Juncos, 1998). Juncos and Pereiro (1998) argue that educational level is one factor that incides in the use of narrative structure. 167 oral narratives from 24 subjects with different educational levels were analyzed and classified according to Labov’s (1972) oral narrative model. Results were contrasted to subjects’ cognitive indicators and showed a positive incidence of educational level in the structure of narratives. The problems in the construction of oral narratives would not be the result of a linguistic impairment, but of certain cognitive interference that prevents the subjects from properly translating the mental representation of the episode into textual shape.

Palabras clave : cognitive aging; oral narrative discourse; Labov model.

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