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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

CHARAUDEAU, Patrick. The genre problems: Form situation to text construction. Rev. signos [online]. 2004, vol.37, n.56, pp.23-39. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342004005600003.

When reviewing existing work on genre from a point of view different from that of literary tradition, it is possible to perceive that this issue is addressed in various forms, originating different descriptions, definitions and typologies, depending on the formal characteristics of the texts, the linguistic activities started, the communication concept in which the texts are inscribed or the social basis of the text. In actual fact, all these aspects are correlated, but it is important to organise them around a common problem area. That is the purpose of this article. Different approaches to genre are briefly reviewed and a semio-discursive approach is suggested, supported on a theory that proposes communicational situation as the area where the restrictions defining language rules are established, at the same time determining the scenario for discourse. The communicational situation where sense instructions are elaborated for this scenification becomes the contract, genre’s founder factor. Consequently, genre is built through the filter of the different structure levels present in the linguistic act: the situational level of restrictions, the level of discursive organisation determined by situational instructions and the level of more or less recurrent formal marks (or markers), necessary to give linguistic configuration to discursive organisation.

Palabras clave : comunication contract; discursive object; text; typology; discourse.

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