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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

LEON, José Antonio. Las inferencias en la comprensión e interpretación del discurso: Un análisis para su estudio e investigación. Rev. signos [online]. 2001, vol.34, n.49-50, pp.113-125. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342001004900008.

Inference making is a complex and essential activity in discourse comprehension processes. Given its complexity, it has been explained from various theoretical and methodology alternatives with different viewpoints. At the same time, there have emerged contradictory data, which pose some important questions. These concern the taxonomy of inferences, how and when inferences are processed and activated, and which of the theories best explains and predicts the creation of inferences. In this work, we will provide an overview of some of the problems that have led to controversy in the study of inferences. A case in point is the different theories and classification systems used by different authors, and also the different methologies applied due to the interdisciplinary nature of inference study. To overcome these limitations we need an integrated model that involves a continuum of inferences and predicts inferences in contexts other than narratives, such as news articles and scientific texts and that explains the interconnectivy between comprehension and inference processes.

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