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Revista de ciencia política (Santiago)

On-line version ISSN 0718-090X


GARRETON, Manuel Antonio. Memoria y proyecto de país. Rev. cienc. polít. (Santiago) [online]. 2003, vol.23, n.2, pp.215-230. ISSN 0718-090X.

Abstract A country's memory is understood as the elaboration that a group or society develops about its past, in terms of its tradition, its historical memory, or its foundational landmarks, all of which are linked to a national project. This article considers as foundational landmarks of the last the thirty years the crisis of the Popular Unity's national-popular project; the military coup and the dictatorship; and the Plebiscite and the political redemocratization. September 11th and October 5th are symbolic dates for the latter two foundational landmarks. In Chile, national memory is still fragmented: it is either divided or antagonistic, partial, or segmented. A national project cannot exist in the absence of a collective memory that transcends these current divisions and fragmentations in the ethical (truth and justice in human rights), the socio-economic (equalities), and the political realms (a consensual constitutional order).

Keywords : Chile; Tradición; Memoria Histórica; Hitos Fundantes; Proyecto Nacional; Ética.

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