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Ius et Praxis

versão On-line ISSN 0718-0012

Resumo

VIDAL OLIVARES, Álvaro R. Incardinación de la Responsabilidad por Daños y el Concepto de Obligación en la Compraventa Internacional de Mercaderías. Ius et Praxis [online]. 2005, vol.11, n.2, pp.303-330. ISSN 0718-0012.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-00122005000200010.

In the Convention of Vienna establishes an objective and strict responsibility statute, whose presupposition is the fact of the breach of contract and its base is in the principle of the reasonable control of the risk, principle that is materialized in concrete implicit rules in article 79 (1), which they allow to delimit areas of responsibility attribution. In this system the exoneration cause consists of which the breach has its cause in an impediment beside control of the debtor. This principle, along with to serve as base for the formulation of the rules of responsibility attribution, allows to delimit the content and extension of the obligation guarantee that the Convention establishes and that imposes to debtor the execution of all that activity that is reasonable to expect of him. This obligation is drawn initially by the activity promised by debtor and the that tie with the overcoming and avoidance of the reasonably foreseeable impediments at the time to the contract; and it adds a posteriori, in as much the debtor one is forced, in addition, to the avoidance and overcoming of the unforseeable impediments that affect the performance and its consequences, all it in the measurement of the reasonable.

Palavras-chave : Breach; responsibility; obligation.

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