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Ius et Praxis

versão On-line ISSN 0718-0012

Resumo

PINOCHET OLAVE, Ruperto. La formación del consentimiento a través de las nuevas tecnologías de la información: Parte II: La aceptación electrónica ¿Contratantes electrónicos contratantes presentes o ausentes?. Ius et Praxis [online]. 2005, vol.11, n.1, pp.55-92. ISSN 0718-0012.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-00122005000100004.

This article, on the electronic acceptance of an offer or tender, is the second in a series of four which seeks to provide a full analysis of the formation of consent or agreement by electronic means. Our aim here is to determine the specific requirements than ought to be met if an acceptance is to be expressed by means of the new technologies. The national legislation is surveyed to identify and analyze norms that could be applicable to the problem at hand. We find that the classical requisites of acceptance are indeed applicable to its electronic form, although significant difference emerges as to the notions of present and absent when applied to the electronic agreement. For this reason, the theories of declaration, remittance, reception, and acknowledgment seem not to properly respond, at first analysis, to the formation of consent by electronic means.

Palavras-chave : Civil law; Contracts; Electronic Contracts; Electronic Consent; Electronic agreement; Law and the new technologies.

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