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Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9707

Resumen

SOTO, CÉSAR et al. CO-DETERMINATION OF TWO ANTIPARASITICS DRUGS BY DERIVATIVE SPECTROPHOTOMETRY AND ITS PHOTODEGRADATION STUDIES. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2013, vol.58, n.3, pp.1824-1829. ISSN 0717-9707.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072013000300006.

This work proposes a method for the co-determination of praziquantel and fenbendazole in veterinary pharmaceutical formulations (VPF) by second-derivative spectrophotometry at 226.4 nm (Zero-crossing method) and 324.6 nm (Graphic method), respectively. The excipients commonly used in VPF do not interfere. To obtain the optimal determination conditions, studies of solvent and light effects, were performed. The results of the light effects show that the expose of both drugs to indirect light and darkness does not produce any chemical change, since their zero-order spectra remained unchanged during the experiment. However, the exposition to the direct light only affects the fenbendazole. The zero order spectrum of FBZ in EtOH-HCl, present two broad bands (200 to 240 nm and 260 to 330 nm), these signals disappear and appear others totally different, at 230 nm and other with two peaks (285 and 295 nm). The FT-IR spectrum shows characteristics signals of the FBZ structure as the amide-NH group (3336.3 cm1), this signal disappear indicating the bond break of the amide group caused by the exposition to sunlight for a time. These spectral changes evidenced a structural transformation as a result of photochemical decomposition in acid medium.

Palabras clave : Fenbendazole; Praziquantel; Derivative Spectrophotometry; Veterinary Formulations; Photochemical Decomposition.

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