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vol.48 issue2SECONDARY METABOLITES FROM FOUR MEDICINAL PLANTS FROM NORTHERN CHILE: ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND BIOTOXICITY AGAINST Artemia salina author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society

On-line version ISSN 0717-9707

Abstract

BAUDINO, Omar Miguel et al. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2003, vol.48, n.2, pp.7-12. ISSN 0717-9707.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072003000200001.

The level of contamination with organochlorine pesticides and the occurrence of their degradation products in the basins of the two main rivers, San Juan and Jáchal, of the Province of San Juan, Argentina, were determined. Surface and ground water samples from both river basins were evaluated by capillary GC and results confirmed with Mass Spectrometry. Chemicals investigated were: alfa-hexachlorocyclohexane (a-HCH); beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (b-HCH); gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (g-HCH); delta-hexachlorocyclohexane (d-HCH); Heptachlor; Heptachlor epoxide; Aldrin; Dieldrin; Endosulfan I; Endosulfan II; 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethane (p,p´ DDT; 1,1-dichloro-2,2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p-'DDE); 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis (p,p'-chlorophenyl) ethane (p-p'DDD); 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis-(o,p'-chlorophenyl) ethane (o-p'DDD); Methoxychlor; Endrin. Concentrations found for b-HCH and Dieldrin were above the maximum permissible values recommended by international organizations (E.C. Council Directive 1980). Mean values found in positive samples were 14.20 mg/L (0.01 - 208.10) and 9.35 mg/L (0.07 - 145.00) for b-HCH and Dieldrin, respectively. For a total number of 314 samples, the percentage of positive samples ranged from 68.6 % for Heptachlor to 16 % for Aldrin. Concentration values and the percentage of positive samples in ground water were significantly lower than those found in surface water. In some surface samples, the values were higher than the allowed maximum (1 to 3 mg/L). Samples taken in different seasons did not show significant differences

Keywords : Surface and Groundwater; San Juan-Argentina; Organochlorine pesticides.

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