SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.34 issue2Cryopreservation of Canine Spermatozoa with Blueberry Leaf Extract (Vaccinium corymbosum L.)Congenital Absence of The Hepatic Portal Vein Associated to Intestinal Malrotation and Left-Sided Inferior Vena Cava: A Case Report author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502


SEEMA  and  VERMA, Poonam. The Study of Cephalic Index in North Indian Population. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.2, pp.660-664. ISSN 0717-9502.

Cephalic index (CI) and head shape are greatly affected by geographical, sex, age and racial factors. Such data is of great medico legal and forensic importance which indicates that cephalic index can be used as marker of ethnicity. There is less published literature about cephalic index of Punjab population. Hence, we undertook this study to document the cephalometric characteristics and gender differences in cephalic index of Punjabi community. Head length, head breadth and CI were determined for 500 medical students (17­23 years) of Punjab. The mean cephalic index for males was 80.52 and for females 84.32 which was statistically significant. On comparison with the existing literature the Punjabi community can be categorized as Brachycephalic/ Hyperbrachicephalic. This is of immense value in forensic science for facial reconstruction of disputed identity, orthodontics, different oral & maxillofacial surgery or craniofacial surgery, paleoanthropology and phylogeography.

Keywords : Cephalic index; Head-length; Head-breadth; Brachicephalic.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License