SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.31 issue4Direct Morphometric Evaluation of Condylar Asymmetry on Human MandiblesCorrelations between Markers of Abdominal Fat Obtained by DXA and Anthropometric Conventional Techniques in Postmenopausal Women with Metabolic Syndrome author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502


ACAR, Musa et al. The Morphometrical Analysis of the External Carotid Artery and its Branches with Multidetector Computerized Tomography Angiography Technique. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2013, vol.31, n.4, pp.1407-1414. ISSN 0717-9502.

The external carotid artery (ECA) is the main artery of the head and the neck region. Carotid bifurcation (CB), which is one of the place where the atherosclerotic plaques are most commonly seen. The surgical procedure of these plaques which causes cerebral vascular accident (CVA) is carotid endarterectomy. In this surgical procedure, the knowledge of the anatomical courses and variations of the carotid artery increased the surgery performance. In our study, we aimed to introduce the course, the location and the variation of the ECA's and their branches. This study is carried out on multidetector computerized tomography angiography of the ECA's of 50 men and 50 women, totally 200 ECA's (100 right, 100 left). The measurement of the inner diameter of the common carotid artery (CCA) and the ECA was evaluated. The location of the CB was determined and its vertical distance to the gonion measured. We found that the superior thyroid artery (STA) originated from the CCA, the CB and the ECA. The vertical distances between the CB and the STA, lingual (LA), facial (FA) occipital (OA) were measured. The ECA and its branches were recorded. We believe that the assessment of the ECA morphometrically may comprise control groups of diseases related to the vessel diameter and this data may be used as reference in clinic and surgery. Knowing the anatomical details and variations is vital to prevent unpredictable complications in surgery.

Keywords : External carotid artery; Multidetector computerized tomography; Variation; Anatomy.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License