SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.31 número4Músculo Transversus Menti en un Cadaver TailandésAnálisis Morfométrico de la Arteria Carótida Externa y sus Ramas Mediante la Técnica de Angiografía por Tomografía Computarizada Multidetector índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados


International Journal of Morphology

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502


CANTIN, Mario et al. Direct Morphometric Evaluation of Condylar Asymmetry on Human Mandibles. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2013, vol.31, n.4, pp.1401-1406. ISSN 0717-9502.

The condylar asymmetry (CA) is a structural morphological alteration considered an important risk factor for temporomandibular joint disorders. CA can be evaluate by various techniques, mainly based on measurements on panoramic radiographs, given their wide use. However, the methods of x-rays are not very sensitive due to the magnification, distortion, overlapping structures and mandibular positioning. The aim of this study was to determine the values of condylar asymmetry for normal sample by direct measurement in human jaws. Thirty adult human dry mandibles belonging to Chilean population were used. The condylar asymmetry was evaluated by Habets and Kjellberg techniques, and descriptive analysis of mean, standard deviation, minimum and maximum values, and asymmetry/symmetry indexes were performed of each method. According to the Habets' index, 7 cases (23.3%) showed a higher rate of 3% asymmetry, with a range between 3.64% and 27.26%. The morphological parameters of the right and left side showed no significant differences. According to the symmetry Kjellberg's index, 19 cases (63.3%) showed values lower to 93% and were classified as asymmetric. The morphological parameters of the right and left side also showed no significant differences (p<0.05). When comparing the asymmetries reported by both methods, only 4 cases there was diagnostic agreement. By eliminating factors of distortion and angulation on measurements, the existence vertical asymmetry between mandibular condyles of the right and left side is confirmed, and on the other hand, it is clear that there are differences in the values of the asymmetry due to the different methods used. However, it is still unclear that condylar asymmetry can be considered physiological.

Palabras clave : Mandibular condyle; Condilar asymmetry; Human mandible; Temporomandibular joint.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )


Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons