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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

ILAYPERUMA, Isurani. On the Prediction of Personal Stature from Cranial Dimensions. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.4, pp.1135-1140. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022010000400024.

Dimensional relationship between body segments and stature has been the focus of scientists for many years. All such studies were based on the fact that body segments exhibit consistent ratios relative to the stature and these ratios are linked to age, gender and race. Racial characters are best defined in the skull. Therefore, prediction of stature from cranial remains is vital in establishing the identity of an unknown individual. Despite its significance, little is known concerning the cranial dimensions in Sri Lankans. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the relationship and to propose a gender and age specific linear regression model between the cranial dimensions and height of an individual. A total of 400 subjects with an age span of 20-23 years were included in the study. The cranial length, breadth and auricular head height of the subjects were recorded using a digital sliding caliper and Todd's head spanner capable of measuring to the nearest 0.01mm. The height of the individual was measured standing erect, in anatomical position using a standing height measuring instrument. The findings indicated significant gender differences in all the mean cranial dimensions. Positive correlations between all cranial dimensions and stature were observed. Linear regression models for the prediction of stature from the above dimensions were formulated for both sexes. Cranial dimensions provide an accurate and reliable means in estimating the height of an individual. The regression formulae derived in this study will be of potential use in clinical, medico-legal, anthropological and archeological studies.

Keywords : Cranial dimensions; Stature; Regression analysis; Sri Lanka.

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