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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502


UDDIN, Mohammad Mejbah; AHMED, Syed Sayeem Uddin; ISLAM, Kh. Nurul  and  ISLAM, Md. Mominul. Clinical Anatomy of the Head Region of the Black Bengal Goat in Bangladesh. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.4, pp.1269-1273. ISSN 0717-9502.

The study involved the measurements of some clinically important landmarks for regional anesthesia in the maxillary and mandibular regions of head of fifty Black Bengal (BB) goats. The distance from facial tuberosity to the infra-orbital canal and from the latter to the root of the alveolar tooth directly ventral to it were 1.85 cm and 1.75 cm respectively. Both the distances from facial tuberosity to infra-orbital canal and from infra-orbital canal to the root of the alveolar tooth are of clinical important even in live animal as a guide for tracking infra-orbital nerve because of facial tuberosity. The distance between the lateral end of the alveolus of the incisor tooth to the mental foramen was 2.11 cm and are from the mental foramen to the caudal mandibular border was 11.69 cm and important for the regional anesthesia of mental nerve. The length and maximum height of the mandibles were 14.21 cm and 8.83 cm respectively. The distance from Caudal border of mandible to below mandibular foramen was 1.47 cm, while the distance from the mandibular foramen to the base of the mandible, Caudal border of mandibular to the level of mandibular foramen and mandibular foramen to border of mandibular angle were 3.64cm, 0.90 cm and 2.65 cm respectively. Parameters regarding mandible are of c linical important landmarks and will be guide for the regional anesthesia of mandibular nerve block. However, these data was discussed with regard to their application in proper tracking of infra-orbital, mental and mandibular nerves in aid of regional anesthetic procedures for the clinical affection around the head of the Black Bengal goat.

Keywords : Mandible; Maxilla; Regional Anesthesia; Goat.

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