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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9227

Resumen

NUNEZ-MUNOZ, Alison L. et al. Association Between Cardiometabolic Diseases and Depression In A Peruvian Reference Hospital. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2022, vol.60, n.1, pp.13-25. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-92272022000100013.

Introduction:

It has been postulated the relationship between presence of cardiometabolic diseases with mental health problems, particularly depression.

Objectives:

To determine the association between cardiometabolic diseases and presence of depressive symptoms, evaluated by PHQ-9 questionnaire, in patients attended at the outpatient clinic of internal medicine service at Hospital Nacional Hipolito Unanue.

Methods:

Observational analytical cross-sectional study. Cardiometabolic disease was defined as the presence of diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, and/or obesity. The PHQ-9 questionnaire was used to evaluate the presence of symptoms suggestive of depression. The association was evaluated crude and adjusted for possible confounders. For the multivariate analysis, a Poisson regression model was used to find prevalence ratios with their respective 95% confidence intervals. A p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results:

252 patients were included, of which 205 (81,4%) presented cardiometabolic diseases and 181 (71,9%) presented symptoms consistent with some grade of depression. The presence of cardiometabolic diseases was associated with depressive symptoms both in the crude analysis (PRc 1.43; CI 95% 1.08-1.89; p=0.012) and in the adjusted one (PRa 1.31; CI 95% 1.00-1.71; p=0.048). Additionally, an association was found between female sex and depressive symptoms (PRa 1,35; CI 95% 1,11-1,63; p=0,002).

Conclusions:

The presence of cardiometabolic diseases was associated with the presence of depressive symptoms in patients seen at the outpatient clinic of internal medicine. The mental health approach should be an integral part of the multidisciplinary management for the patient with cardiometabolic disease.

Palabras clave : Depression; Diabetes Mellitus; Hypertension; Dyslipidemia; Obesity; (Source: MeSH NLM).

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