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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 0717-9227

Abstract

VAZQUEZ-MACHADO, Andrés; COSSA, Joel  and  PICHS-LLOPIZ, Carmen. Psychosocial factors in otorhinolaryngology outpatients. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2019, vol.57, n.3, pp.247-253. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92272019000300247.

Background:

The psychological symptoms are present at patients with otorhinolaryngologic manifestations according to reports of some investigations.

Objective:

To describe the psychosocial factors in otorhinolaringology outpatients.

Methods:

It is a cross-sectional study with 138 outpatients who visited the department of otorhinolaryngology in Nampula Central Hospital. We studied physical and psychological manifestations, stressful life events and, psychiatric diagnosis. The chi-squared test to determine association between anxiety, depressive symptoms and the otorhinolaryngologic symptoms were used.

Result:

The motive of otorhinolaryngology consultation was ear pain, sore throat, partial deafness, tinnitus and sensation of a foreign body in the throat. The physical examination was negative in 73,2% of the patients. The majority of patients had psychiatrics manifestations and the depressive symptoms and anxiety predominated, which was associated with the ear pain and sore throat. More than half of patients experienced several stressful life events.

Conclusions:

The mental health problems are frequents in otorhinolaryngology patients without organic apparent disease.

Keywords : Psychosocial factors; otorhinolaryngology; depressive symptoms.

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