SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.57 issue2Influence of Family over the Resilience of People with Physical and Sensory Disabilities from Arequipa, PeruBurnout syndrome in medicine men from Arequipa city (Peru) author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 0717-9227


SCHADE Y., Nieves et al. Perception of self-efficacy and actual performance in working memory tasks: A comparison between older and younger adults. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2019, vol.57, n.2, pp.129-138. ISSN 0717-9227.

Aging has been characterized by a natural decline of memory, as well as by a decline in the perception of memory self-efficacy. The relationship between these two variables has been the subject of several studies, confirming that the perception of mnemonic self-efficacy affects actual performance on memory tasks. However, there is a smaller group of studies where this relationship has not been found. The objective of the present study was to compare the perception of self-efficacy of memory with performance in memory tasks in older and younger adults. Two hundred older adults and 111 university students participated in the study by responding two instruments: one Perception of Memory Self-Efficacy, and another one on Performance in Operational Memory tasks. Both instruments were constructed and adapted so that they be comparable. The results showed that older adults have a lower performance in almost all memory tasks and a slight superiority in the perception of memory self-efficacy, and a significant relationship was found between the two. On the other hand, in younger people's beliefs about their memory were slightly lower, but they performed better.

Keywords : Working memory; memory self-efficacy; age differences.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )