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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9227

Resumen

FIGUEROA C, Gustavo. The questioning of Jean-Paul Sartre to Freud are they still valid?: Philosophy and Psychoanalysis in the new century. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2014, vol.52, n.3, pp.185-212. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92272014000300006.

The philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre carried out an ontological analysis of the underlying assumptions of Freud. He rejected the notion of the unconscious and replaced it by the conscious and added the concepts of freedom, original choice, and bad faith, to better understand the neurosis. These neurosis results from bad faith projects freely chosen but not genuinely assumed. In proposing the Existential psychoanalysis he contributed to a deepening of the theory and practice of Freudian psychoanalysis. Sartre's outline has been little studied and deepened. Binswanger, Heidegger, Ricoeur, and Boss have sought to continue the footsteps of Sartre albeit indirectly, supported by their respective metaphysical conceptions. Martín-Santos has been an exception and his contribution was focused on the basics of existential psychotherapy. We don't still have studies written by psychiatrists who creatively take advantage of the insights of Sartre and his detractors.

Palabras clave : Existential psychoanalysis; Sartre; bad faith; philosophy; psychotherapy.

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