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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9227

Resumen

TAPIA C, Carolina; GRANDON F, Pamela  y  BUSTOS N, Claudio. Relation between the functioning of sheltered housing/supported home for people with severe mental disorder, the social support of the caregiver and the daily life skills of the residents. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2014, vol.52, n.1, pp.20-28. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92272014000100003.

Residential programs fulfill an important role in the overall operation of the people with severe mental disorders and they are considered promoters of the improvements observed in them. The study is aimed on determining the relation between the operation of a protected home/residence and the social support of the caregivers, with the daily life skills of the residents. Method: 122 users that reside in protected homes and residences from the Maule and Biobío Regions were interviewed, as well as 30 caregivers/monitors that worked in those places. Results: Both age and gender of the residents shows no significant relation with "skills of the overall daily life". However, a relation was found between the age of the residents and the subscale "activity and social relationships": the older the age, the lesser activity and social relationships of the users. Regarding the restrictiveness variable of the device, it was found that the lesser restrictiveness, the greater basic skills of the daily life of the residents was presented, especially in areas such as domestic and community skills. A relation between daily life skills of the residents and the perceived social support was not found. Nevertheless, a greater perception of social support, greater "activity and social relationships" of the users that reside in Protected Homes and Residences was observed. Conclusions: The restrictiveness of the device by being a relevant variable for daily life skills of the residents must be taken into account in the organization and structure of the residential programs in Chile.

Palabras clave : Residential care; basic skills of daily living; social support; severe mental disorder.

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