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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 0717-9227

Abstract

BERMEJO B, José Carlos. Psychiatry and language: Philosophy an history of mental disease. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2007, vol.45, n.3, pp.193-210. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92272007000300004.

In this article we analyse the theoretical assumptions on which is based the concept of mental disease. The Philosophy and the History are here used as knowledges that will allow unravel political and social practices linked since always to the development of the Psychiatry and are also defined a series of general principles useful for studying the mental diseases, which are: a) the notion of system, that affects to all the living beings and allow that we see the mental disease as a complex process with a mixture of social and emotional factors, as well as the usual biochemical and anatomical ones; b) The concept of symbol, since the symbolic systems contribute to the shaping of the Self; c) The concepts of imagination and unreality, connected to the world of feelings. The history of the mental disease is essential to know the history of the human being, of his happiness and his pain

Keywords : Imagination; language; madness; mental disease; psychiatry; psychoanalysis; reality; symbol; system.

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