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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9227

Resumen

CHANA C, Pedro  y  ALBURQUERQUE, Daniela. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health and the Neurological Practice. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2006, vol.44, n.2, pp.89-97. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92272006000200002.

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) aims to supply a reliable, standardized and common language that can be applied in different cultures allowing a description of human functioning and disability, using a universal view of disability. It belongs to a group of classifications from the World Health Organization providing an integral approach to the patient. It establishes a paradigm which approaches the problems of the patient linking the different components of functionality in a circular way where one system influences others, with mutual relationships between them. The model is established with two main parts: the first part includes the functioning and disability with two components a) body structure and function and b) activities and participation. The second part includes the so called contextual factors with two components c) environmental factors and d) personal factors. Each part is divided in domains and these in structures giving a branched structure to the classification. The usefulness of this classification is multiple. It can be used in various disciplines and also across them. It looks for providing a scientific basis for the understanding and study of health and the states related to it, to improve communication among users, such as health professionals, investigators, designers of health policies, and general population, including disabled people. It allows the comparison of data between countries, sanitary disciplines, services, and different periods of time. It gives a system of codification to be applied in the systems of sanitary information and clinical practice

Palabras clave : Disability Evaluation; Classification; Neurology.

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