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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9227

Resumen

CARVAJAL, César  y  CARBONELL, Carmen Gloria. Acute Stress Disorder: Clinical Profile and Outcome. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2002, vol.40, n.3, pp.195-200. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92272002000300002.

Acute stress disorder (ASD) is a frequent post-accident pathology, but its clinical evolution has infrequently been assessed. Objective: to describe the clinical evolution of injured patients suffering from ASD (using DSM-IV criteria) at the Hospital del Trabajador de Santiago, with follow up assessments at 16 and 40 months. Results: 67 of 112 patients (59.8%) diagnosed with ASD at admission maintained this diagnosis when discharged. The most frequent traumatic events in this group were assaults (49.3%) and workplace accidents (31.3%). Injuries were sustained in 56.7% of the cases (contusions and wounds: 65.8%). Slightly over 79% of the patients were referred to our Mental Health Service within 2 weeks since the occurrence of the event. Combined psychotropic and psychotherapy treatment was administered in 74.6% of the cases, with an average duration of 49.2 days. 53.7% of patients were asymptomatic at discharge. Conclusions: 71.7% of this ASD population had a satisfactory outcome within 2 months

Palabras clave : stress; trauma; psychopathology.

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