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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0048-766Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

PARDO, Rosa et al. Trisomy 9, trisomy 13 and trisomy 18: Results of the prenatal cytogenical analysis, Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile, years 2000-2017. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2020, vol.85, n.4, pp.335-342. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262020000400335.

Introduction:

In Chile, the technical standard of Law No. 21,030 of 2017 considers three aneuploidies as lethal; trisomies 9, 13 and 18, whose diagnosis is confirmed with a Karyotype. To date there is not a national registry of prenatal frequency of these pathologies.

Objective:

To determine the frequency of trisomies 9, 13 and 18 in prenatal cytogenetic studies in samples of cells obtained with amniocentesis and cordocentesis, processed in the Cytogenetics Laboratory of the Universidad de Chile Clinical Hospital.

Materials and methods:

Descriptive and retrospective study of the results of karyotypes of amniotic fluid (LA) and fetal blood (SF) processed from January 2000 to December 2017.

Results:

2,305 samples (402 of SF and 1,903 of LA) were included, of which 438 (19%) were lethal trisomies (TL), corresponding to free TL 416 (95%), structural TL 12 (2,7%) and mosaics 10 (2.3%). Trisomy 18 was the most frequent in both types of sample (73,5 %), followed by trisomy 13 (24,2%) and trisomy 9 (2.3%). Results are shown according to the type of TL, sample, reason for referral, maternal age and gestational age.

Conclusions:

The karyotype confirms the diagnosis of aneuploidies and provides relevant data for genetic counseling. The most frequent lethal chromosomopathy was trisomy 18. It was observed that one in five karyotypes referred for congenital anomalies and / or aneuploidy markers revealed a TL.

Palabras clave : trisomy 13; trisomy 9; trisomy 18; aneuploidy; prenatal diagnosis; cytogenetics.

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