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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0048-766Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

SOLAR, Francisca et al. Clinical experience of the use of the SIP/CLAP form use in women with spontaneous abortion treated by surgical means. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2020, vol.85, n.4, pp.324-334. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262020000400324.

Introduction and Objectives:

In Chile, there are partial data regarding the prevalence of abortion. The migrant population has generated a change in the characteristics of patients in an abortion situation. The objective is to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of women with surgical abortion with and without complications.

Methods:

Transversal Descriptive Study. Women treated for abortion, undergoing evacuation method and who were admitted to the SIP / CLAP system were included. Women with or without complications were compared with respect to different demographic and clinical characteristics. Odd Ratio was calculated for some variables of interest.

Results:

554 women were included, 13% (N = 73) had complication at admission, mainly hemorrhagic (40%). Demographic characteristics were similar in both groups. There was an increased risk of complication in women with previous abortions (OR: 2.4 (IC 1.3-4.5), p = 0.00), when the diagnosis of admission was incomplete abortion (OR: 85.3 (IC 25.2- 288), p = 0.00) and when curettage was performed (OR: 4 (IC 2.5-6.5) p = 0.00). The majority of patients with complications did not plan pregnancy (OR: 11 (IC 3.4-37.7), p = 0.00) and did not use a contraceptive method in this pregnancy. 70% received contraceptive method upon discharge.

Conclusions:

There are clinical characteristics associated with complications in women with surgical management abortion in our center, such as admission diagnosis, unplanned pregnancy, previous abortion and type of evacuation. There are limitations regarding the quantity and quality of information, however, our results allow us to know the profile of patients treated for abortion in our center.

Palabras clave : Miscarriage; curettage; women; complications.

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