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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

REDONDO AGUILAR, Rosario et al. Seguridad del alta a las 48 horas en las mujeres intervenidas de cesárea. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2017, vol.82, n.1, pp.30-36. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262017000100004.

Introducction: In the last 10 to 20 years the stay in hospital of women with a caesarean section has decresed significantlly. More than 75% of women are discharge before the fourth day post caesarean. There is a disagreament among profesionals regarding the number of days of stay after the caesarean. These investigation aims to compare the percentage of women that have an admision after been given an early discharge at 48 hours after the caesarean to those discharge after longer stay. Method: Descriptive observational study, ecologic longitudinal tipe. The study revise the caesarean sections performed beetwing 1 January 2005 to 31 Augost 2014.Women with voluntary discharge, transfers to other units and transfer to other Hospitals are excluded. The final number is 2031 women. We have done a descriptive analisis af data, a tendency analisis and a bivariant analisis. We have done contingecy charts using Chi Cuadrado test for cualitative facts, and comparative test for independent facts using Student T to compare facts of cuantitative tipe. Results: The percentage of discharge at 48hrs was 41% and of 59% at 72hrs. Beetwing 2005 and 2011 the 48hrs discharge was 30% and beetwing 2012 and 2014 was 67% (tendency test: E.S. p: 0'000). The percentage of admissions after discharge was 0'72% ( discharge at 48hrs ) and 2'92% (discharge after 72hrs o more ). The diference is statistically significant ( Chi- Cuadrado 12'04, p=0'0005 ). The more important reasons for admision ( 70% of the total ) after discharge where: haemorrhage (10 ), infection (9) and DC (8). Conclusions: Our study shows that early discharge at 48 hours post cesarean performed to women with low risk is as safe as latter discharge ( 72 hrs or longer). There are less re admissions in the early discharge group , the number being statistically significant. However to confirm this promising results it is necessary to perform more randomized controlled trials.

Palabras clave : Patient discharge; Postpartum period; Women; Outcome assessment.

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