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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

MENDOZA TASCON, Luis Alfonso et al. Epidemiología de la prematuridad y sus determinantes, en una población de mujeres adolescentes y adultas de Colombia. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2016, vol.81, n.5, pp.372-380. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262016000500005.

Background: Prematurity is currently considered a public health priority for some countries. Objective: To describe the prevalence of preterm birth and its determinants in a population of adolescent and adult mothers who had their sole or last delivery in the Fundación Hospital San José de Buga, Colombia, between 2010-2015. Methods: Case-control study conducted with 11,881 infants adolescent and adult women. The data were analyzed in Stata 11.0, using quantitative, medium or average and dispersion measures variables compared using t tests, Ranksum, ANOVA or Kruskal Wallis, according to distribution and for categorical variables, frequency measurements absolute and relative, compared with Chi2 tests or Fisher exact. To estimate associations employ odds ratio with confidence intervals of 95% and multivariate analysis logistic regression. Statistical significance was defined as p <0.05. Results: Prematurity prevalence was 11.4%. After multivariate analysis, the determinants associated with prematurity were indigenous-Afro-Colombian or mulatto ethnicity, number of prenatal visits equal to or less than 6, less than two years intergenesic period, multiple pregnancy, preeclampsia, oligohydramnios, IUGR and bleeding of the third quarter (includes abruption). Conclusions: Prematurity is the result of a complex network of individual, social, cultural and gestational determinants that interact, so that prevention is due not only work on health measures, but in developing policies and plans integral action.

Palabras clave : Prematurity; determinants of health; adolescent female; adult woman.

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