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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

MENDOZA TASCON, Luis Alfonso; CLAROS BENITEZ, Diana Isabel  y  PENARANDA OSPINA, Claudia Bibiana. Actividad sexual temprana y embarazo en la adolescencia: estado del arte. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2016, vol.81, n.3, pp.243-253. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262016000300012.

Early sexual activity in adolescence represent a public health problem for the consequences that entails, such as teenage pregnancy, the increase in sexually transmitted infections, HIV infection/AIDS (second cause of death among teenagers) and family problems, economic and social generated. The teenager has become a high-risk population in health inequality and the different barriers they face in terms of accessibi-lity to health services, particularly sexual and reproductive health. All these problems has made this population being greatly affected by morbidities such as sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS in turn to an increased risk of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. That is why the sexual home education, schools, colleges and health services, together with the stimulation of life skills, delaying the onset of sexual activity among adolescent, promoting sexual abstinence and prevention of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections are the most effective strategies to address these issues.

Palabras clave : Adolescence; sexual activity; teenage pregnancy; preventing pregnancy.

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