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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

URDANETA MACHADO, José Ramón et al. Anemia materna y peso al nacer en productos de embarazos a término. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2015, vol.80, n.4, pp.297-305. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262015000400004.

Aim: To link maternal anemia and birth weight (BW) in women with term pregnancies present to emergency obstetric at the Maternity "Dr. Armando Castillo Plaza", in Maracaibo, Venezuela. Methods: A correlational research, with non-experimental and transactional design, where valued a sample of 200 pregnant women in active phase of labor, who are determined hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), and hematimetric indexes values. Results: The values of Hb and Hct in anemic ranged from 8.4 ± 1 g/dl and 11.6 ± 0.64 g/dl, whereas the Hct was 28.8 ± 3.3% and 38.9 ± 2.2%, in patients with and without anemia, respectively. The hematimetric indexes showed normal reference values in both groups. The BW in newborn of anemic mothers was decreased by 12.39% (-420 g) when compared to the weights of infants of mother without anemia (2.970 ± 0.43 g vs. 3.390 ± 0.32 g; p<0.0001). LBW was more common in the group of anemic mothers, who showed an increased risk, although not significant (15% vs. 10%; OR 95%CI 1.588 [0,676-3,728]; p>0.05). Was demonstrated a directly proportional and significant relationship between Hb values and BW(r=0.439; p<0.0001). Conclusion: Exist a direct proportional and significant relationship between the PAN and the Hb; however, while anemic pregnant women presented more frequently LBW, this difference was not significant.

Palabras clave : Anemia; birth weight; term pregnancy.

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