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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

On-line version ISSN 0717-7526


SILVA G, María Carolina et al. Pronóstico reproductivo posterior a un embarazo ectópico según modalidad de tratamiento. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2014, vol.79, n.4, pp.262-268. ISSN 0717-7526.

Introduction: It is estimated that 20-60% of patients with ectopic pregnancy, will develop infertility on the future, but knowledge about this matter is scarce. Aims: To compare fertility rates after ectopic pregnancy, among medical treatment with methotrexate and surgery, in patients without opportunity for assisted reproductive techniques. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of patients diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy, treated in Hospital Padre Hurtado's gynecology service, Santiago - Chile, between January 2002 and December 2007. Patients with cervical or cornual ectopic pregnancy, expectant management, or patients, who didn't want future pregnancies, were excluded from the analysis. Follow up was for at least 4 years. Results: 288 ectopic pregnancies were diagnosed; 69 patients were excluded. From the 219 participants, 193 cases (88.1%) with complete follow, were included for analysis. Surgical management, which consisted of salpingectomy of the compromised tube, was done on 128 patients. Medical management was done on 65 patients, but 18 patients required differed salpingectomy for treatment failure. Excluding those 18 patients, the pregnancy rates for the surgical management group was of 83.6% (107/128) and 80.9% (38/47) for the medical management group, not statistically significant (p=0.67). Conclusion: There are similar pregnancy rates for surgical and medical management for patients with ectopic pregnancy history; although these were higher than those reported in literature.

Keywords : Ectopic pregnancy; reproductive prognosis; methotrexate.

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