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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

On-line version ISSN 0717-7526

Abstract

GONZALEZ A, Electra; TRONCOSO E, Paulina; MOLINA G, Temístocles  and  MARTINEZ N, Vania. Antecedente de agresión sexual y su asociación con conductas de riesgo en adolescentes consultantes en un centro de atención en salud sexual y reproductiva. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2014, vol.79, n.1, pp.31-39. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262014000100006.

Background: Most of reproductive health programs in Chile operate under the premise that women and adolescent girls in particular, are or have been engaged in consensual sex and do not consider that many of them may be survivors of sexual abuse, and may have different needs in sexual and reproductive health. Objective: Determine which risk behaviors and familial variables are associated with sexual aggression history in adolescents consulting at sexual and reproductive health center. Method: Cross-sectional analytical study. The information was gathered from a structured interview applied in the first consultation to 3,064 adolescent girls between 12 and 19 years, who attended a sexual and reproductive health centre for the period 2003-2010. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with sexual assault. Results: A 22.7% reported sexual assault history. Risk behaviors associated with sexual aggression were: onset of sexual activity forced or under influence of alcohol, as many relationships and sexual partners, younger age at onset of sexual activity, lower grade point average, cigarette smoking, alcohol and drug use and younger age at onset of drug use. Conclusion: A history of sexual aggression leaves women at risk for sexual and reproductive health, so health teams should be able to detect these problems in order to intervene appropriately and effectively.

Keywords : Sexual assault; teenagers; social variables; risk behaviors; reproductive health programs.

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