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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

On-line version ISSN 0717-7526

Abstract

LEPPE, Jaime et al. Nivel de actividad física según GPAQ en mujeres embarazadas y postparto que asisten a un centro de salud familiar. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2013, vol.78, n.6, pp.425-431. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262013000600004.

Background: During pregnancy and postpartum, women decrease physical activity (PA) levels despite the health benefits reported in the literature for women and the fetus. Aims: To determine PA levels and sedentary behaviour in women during pregnancy and postpartum. Methods: Pregnant and postpartum women between 18 and 40 years old attending to primary care center participated. Sedentary behaviour and PA were measured using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Results: Information was collected from 47 pregnant and 12 postpartum women. Age was P50=25 (range: 18-40 years). 61% were overweight. Daily PA time was P50=154 (range: 0-960 min/day) for pregnant women and P50=190 (range: 24-411 min/day) during postpartum. Leisure time PA was P50=0 (range: 0-540 min/day) for pregnant women and P50=3 (range: 0-86 min/day) during postpartum. Sedentary behaviour was P50=180 min/day (range: 0-720 min/day) for all women. According to WHO criteria, only 20.3% of women are physically active, adjusting by BMI and educational level the reported PA in GPAQ. There was no association between the variables age, nutritional status, educational level, family income and reported level of PA. Conclusion: Leisure time PA could be susceptible to PA promotion interventions. The reported level of PA is higher than those from similar studies in other countries. Validation studies are needed to determine possible overestimation of the results due to measurement bias.

Keywords : Physical activity; health; pregnancy; postpartum; GPAQ.

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