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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

GONZALEZ A, Electra et al. Características y consecuencias de las agresiones sexuales en adolescentes consultantes en un centro de salud sexual y reproductiva. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2012, vol.77, n.6, pp.413-422. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262012000600002.

Background: Sexual assault is a traumatic and painful event, which affects victims of both genders, across all socioeconomic levels, with serious consequences for physical, psychological, and social health. Objective: Determine the characteristics of sexual assault and its consequences in adolescents at a sexual and reproductive health center. Method: Analytic and cross-sectional study of 573 adolescents seen at a reproductive medicine center (CEMERA) in the period 2003-2010 and who reported history of sexual abuse. Patient's clinical records were reviewed to study the characteristics as well as the consequences of sexual abuse. Results: The abuse was reported as sexual abuse in 86.5% of the cases and as rape in 13.5%. In 48.5% of the cases, the aggressors were relatives of the victims. The most vulnerable group is between 5-9 of age, representing 41.2% of the cases. For 39.2% of the cases, the sexual abuse was reiterative, and in 43.4 %, the abuse took place on the victim's home. 70% of the victims told someone about the abuse; 45.9% of those revealed their abuse in a delay manner. Only 19% of victims filed a legal complaint. Of the adolescents who started voluntary sexual activity (83.3 %) a 35.4% was under de age of 15, and 11,8% reported having 3 or more sexual partners. Conclusion: A history of sexual abuse must be considered in the attention of adolescents who consult for reproductive and sexual health. The health team must be prepared to address their multiple needs.

Palabras clave : Sexual assaults; adolescents; consequences.

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