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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

URDANETA M, José et al. Factores de riesgo de depresión posparto en puérperas venezolanas valoradas por medio de la escala de Edimburgo. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2011, vol.76, n.2, pp.102-112. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262011000200007.

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a major mental health disorder in women, which have been attributed to various risk factors for it presentation. Objective: To determine the PPD's risk factors present in the postpartum patients taken care of Maternity "Dr Armando Castillo Plaza" at the University Hospital of Maracaibo, Venezuela. Method: A descriptive study was conducted with non-experimental design, which included a sample of 100 postpartum women, as measured by the scale of the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression (EDPS). Results: The results demonstrated a prevalence of the positive test in 91% of the sample, with a confirmed prevalence of postpartum depression by the DSM-IV of 22%, determined that the characteristics assessed only medical disorders during pregnancy, the disease of the newborn, not having the support from your partner, have a history of depression or melancholy, or have a primary or lower education level, showed a significant association with the development of PPD. For its part, the birth by caesarean section and not having family support showed a significant association with the risk of PPD, while vaginal delivery or have reached a level higher than primary education showed a protective effect with this condition. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of postpartum depression, with several risk factors that would take action for a timely diagnosis of disease.

Palabras clave : Postpartum Depression; Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale; risk's factors.

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