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vol.74 número3ABORDAJE LAPAROSCÓPICO EN CÁNCER DE ENDOMETRIOPARTO PRETÉRMINO Y SUFRIMIENTO FETAL SECUNDARIOS A PERITONITIS POR APENDICITIS AGUDA PERFORADA índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0048-766Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

ZAMBONI T, Milena; SIGUENZA V, María Isabel; POMES C, Cristián  y  CUELLO F, Mauricio. MIOMECTOMÍA ABDOMINAL VERSUS MIOMECTOMÍA LAPAROSCÓPICA: EXPERIENCIA PRELIMINAR DEL HOSPITAL CLÍNICO DE LA PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DE CHILE. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2009, vol.74, n.3, pp.179-184. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262009000300007.

Background: Multiple patients ask for a conservative management of uterine fibroids. Some of the patients have not completed their parity at the time of surgery, and others do not want a hysterectomy worried about de impact of this procedure in their sexual life. Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate our experience in the short term surgical results of patients undergoing a laparoscopic or abdominal myomectomy. We also did a literature review to define the advantages for each technique and their indications. Methods: A prospective, non-randomized study comparing short term surgical outcomes in patients undergoing laparoscopic versus abdominal myomectomy in the Gynecology Service of the Clinical Hospital of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, between November 2007 and May 2008. Results: Forty-three patients undergoing myomectomy in our centre were analyzed. 16 of them were approached by laparoscopy (37.2%) and 27 by laparotomy (67.8%). In 40% of them, abdominal myomectomy was performed using a minimal transverse incision. This approach was more frequently used when treating larger size (>5 cm) or multiple myomas. In our study, laparoscopic myomectomy was associated with less requirements of analgesia. No differences in complication rates, operative time, and hospital stay were observed between techniques in myomas smaller than 5 cm. Conclusions: Our results indicate that abdominal myomectomy is a safe technique that should be used in cases of larger size or multiple myomas. Laparoscopy is equally safe but should be reserved for well-chosen cases and performed by experienced laparoscopic surgeons.

Palabras clave : Fibroids; myomectomy; surgery; laparoscopy complications.

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