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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

ESCOBAR, María Begoña Carroza et al. The right to food: What do the constitutions of America and the Caribbean say?. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2022, vol.49, n.2, pp.226-237. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182022000200226.

Introduction:

Many American and Caribbean countries consider the right to food as constitutional right. Chile does not have this explicit right in the Constitution.

Objective:

To describe comparatively how the right to food is explicit in the constitutions of American and Caribbean countries, generating inputs for those countries that do not have this constitutional right, such as the case of Chile.

Data sources:

This research was carried out on platforms: Food and Nutritional Security (SAN-CELAC), Right to Food in the World (FAO) and Constitute Project which presents constitutions of the world.

Revision method:

A revision was made of all available constitutions of American and independent Caribbean countries, dependent territories and overseas departments in the Region. Subsequently, in those countries which explicitly consider the right to food in constitutional texts, a review of general characteristics and right to food-associated concepts, suggested by FAO, was carried out. The review was carried out between June and September 2020.

Results:

Of the total of countries reviewed (n= 42), 40.5% presented the right to food in constitutional text. The most frequently associated concept was food security.

Conclusion:

Most of the revised constitutions accompany the right to food with food safety, availability and accessibility characteristics, and include kinds of judicialization, concepts that should be incorporated into the new Magna Carta of Chile.

Keywords : Access to food; Adequate food; Constitution; Food security; Right to food.

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