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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

WORMALD, Natalie; OYANADER, Bastián; PINUNURI, Raul  y  VALENZUELA, Carina. Early and current dietary characteristics of preschoolers in the Valparaíso Region of Chile. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2021, vol.48, n.3, pp.366-373. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75182021000300366.

There are multiple factors that influence nutritional status (NS). Early interventions have been proposed to reduce the obesogenic environment, including the targeting of food preferences among preschoolers. Our aim was to analyse if early dietary aspects were related to NS and some current eating features in Chilean preschool children. An observational, analytical and cross-sectional study was carried out among 61 preschoolers from the National Board of Kindergartens (JUNJI) from councils in the V Region of Chile. NS was determined with weight and height, and body composition with a Bodystat 1.500 impedance meter, in addition, background data of pregnancy and infant feeding were collected through surveys. Statistical analyses were considered significant with a p value <0.05. Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for less than 6 months was associated with a low consumption of vegetables in preschool (PE) age, in addition, the duration of EBF was directly correlated with the consumption of vegetables. The introduction of sugar before 12 months was associated with the consumption of sweet snacks and this with a higher percentage of body fat, while the early introduction of salt was associated with a higher consumption of savoury snacks. Introducing sugar prior to 12 months of age could lead to higher consumption of unhealthy foods in preschoolers. Consumption of vegetables showed a positive association with the duration of EBF, which suggests that eating patterns at an early age could modulate food preferences at later ages.

Palabras clave : Early eating patterns; Food preferences; Nutritional status; Obesity; Preschoolers.

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