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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

TUMANI, María Fernanda; PAVEZ, Carolina  and  PARADA, Alejandra. Microbiota, dietary habits and diet in inflammatory bowel disease. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2020, vol.47, n.5, pp.822-829. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75182020000500822.

Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis correspond to Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). At present, its cure is not known, however nutrition is a fundamental pillar in treatment due to its ability to reduce gastrointestinal symptoms. Food has an impact on intestinal microbiota (IM), as the Western Diet is associated with a change in microbiota biodiversity. In this sense, IM could have a role in the pathogenesis of the disease, since there is a decrease in biodiversity and an increase in bacteria that could favor inflammation and generate a decrease in the production of short-chain fatty acids. In IBD, eating habits tend to be restrictive and nutritional status is characterized by malnutrition, loss of muscle mass, sarcopenia, and vitamin D and iron deficiency. Therefore, during periods of remission, feeding should not be restricted. In periods of crisis, exclusion diets decrease specific symptoms and nutrients such as anthocyanins and w-3 fatty acids could have an effect on inflammation.

Keywords : Crohn's disease; Diet; Inflammatory bowel disease; Nutrition; Ulcerative colitis.

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