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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

ALTAMIRANO YANEZ, Nicol  y  NAZAR, Gabriela. Attitudes and feeding practices of primary caregivers of Mapuche and non-Mapuche schoolchildren according to nutritional status. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2020, vol.47, n.1, pp.89-96. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182020000100089.

This study aims to associate child feeding attitudes and practices of caregivers with the nutritional status of Mapuche and non-Mapuche children. Two hundred schoolchildren from first to fourth grade and their caregivers participated. Measurement of weight and height was performed in children; caregivers completed the Child Feeding Questionnaire and a sociodemographic characterization instrument. Fifty six percent of the children assessed were overweight or obese, with a significantly higher percentage (p≤0,001) in the Mapuche group (71.9%). Child's BMI z-score was strongly related with perceived weight (r= 0,56 p= <0.001) and weight concern (r= 0,34, p= <0,001). The same results were found when segmenting the sample by ethnicity. The only attitude that showed differences between groups was perceived responsibility (p= 0,018), being lower in the Mapuche group. Despite the differences according to ethnicity, this variable was not predictive of the nutritional status of the child, unlike perceived weight (β= 3,778, p<0,001) and weight concern (β= 0,944, p= 0,018). These findings reinforce the role of attitudes and practices of parents and caregivers in the nutritional status of the child, regardless of the cultural factors involved.

Palabras clave : Child feeding practices; Child obesity; Ethnicity; Mapuche.

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