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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

CARVALHO, Layonne et al. ERICA: Consumption of trans fats and saturated fats associated with dyslipidemia in obese and overweight adolescents. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2020, vol.47, n.1, pp.73-79. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182020000100073.

The study aimed to associate the consumption of trans and saturated fats with dyslipidemia in overweight and obese adolescents who participated in the Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (ERICA) from February 2013 to November 2014. Anthropometry, food consumption data, and the lipidogram of 9,538 overweight Brazilian adolescents from macro-regions and Teresina were used in the study. We found an association between saturated fats and HDL-c in Teresina and in the Northeastern macro-region (p-value= 0.002 and p-value= 0.033, respectively), showing that adolescents in Teresina who consumed less than 10% of saturated fats were 2.04-fold more likely to have desirable HDL-c (OR= 2.04), while northeastern adolescents were 0.625 less likely to have desirable HDL-c (OR= 0.625). In Teresina, there was an association between saturated fat consumption and total cholesterol (p-value= 0.045), showing that adolescents consuming less than 10% of saturated fats had a 0.543- fold lower odds of having desirable total cholesterol levels (OR= 0.543). Lipid profile was not associated with consumption of trans fats, but with the consumption of saturated fats. It is important to monitor the lipid profile of adolescents, especially in the presence of overweight.

Palabras clave : Adolescent; Dyslipidemia; Obesity; Overweight; Saturated fatty acids; Trans fatty acids.

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