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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

MUNOZ-PAREJA, Maritza; LOCH, Mathias Roberto  and  RIGO-SILVA, Ana Maria. Factors associated with the non-diagnosis of hypertension or diabetes in Brazilians ≥40 years of age. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2019, vol.46, n.3, pp.336-342. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182019000300336.

Factors related to non-diagnosis of hypertension and/or diabetes, including socio-demographics, health, lifestyle and eating behaviors were identified and compared between diagnosed and undiagnosed persons. A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out in Cambé, Brazil, among 386 randomly selected non-institutionalized individuals. Using logistic regression, the association between undiagnosed hypertension and/or diabetes and sociodemographic, health and lifestyle characteristics was evaluated. The majority of subjects (78%) knew their hypertensive and/or diabetes condition, while 22% did not. In adjusted analyses, the probability of undiagnosed hypertension and/or diabetes in women, obese, and patients with poor sleep quality was lower than the odds among men (OR 0.49; 95%CI 0.29; 0.81), non-obese participants (OR 0.43; 95%CI 0.24; 0.75) and those with better sleep quality (OR 0.49; 95%CI 0.28;0.86), respectively. Those who abused alcohol versus those who did not (OR 2.85; 95%CI 1.46; 5.54) or consumed fruit ≤4 times a week compared to those who consumed 4 or more (OR 1.93; 95%CI 1.12; 3.33) were more likely to have these undiagnosed diseases. There were differences observed in health behaviors of undiagnosed diabetics or hypertensives compared to those who were diagnosed. Being a man and not being obese were associated with being undiagnosed. Diagnosed individuals had poorer sleep quality. However, they had better indicators regarding alcohol abuse and fruit consumption.

Keywords : Alcoholism; Diabetes; Hypertension; Obesity; Sex; Sleep.

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