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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

CROVETTO M, Mirta et al. Dietary guidelines and compliance in college students, Valparaíso, 2013, Chile. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2015, vol.42, n.2, pp.164-172. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182015000200008.

Increased cardiovascular risk factors in young women merit knowing their nutritional profile. The objective of this study was to determine the food consumption of 50 volunteer college students enrolled in physical education (PE), early childhood education (ECA) and nutrition and dietetics (NAD) at the University of Playa Ancha, Valparaiso, Chile. A food frequency questionnaire was used to measure critical nutrient intake (sodium, sugars, saturated fatty acids, trans-fatty acids, cholesterol). Cardiovascular risk factors like alcohol intake were also measured as well as protective nutrients intake (mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids, water, dietary fiber). Consumption frequency was ranked high, moderate and low. Critical and protective nutrients were compared with the Chilean Dietary Guidelines 2013. Results: PE students' diet was high in sodium and dietary fiber; PE and EPA diet was high in added sugars and low in water; the diet of all groups was low in mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids, moderate in saturated fatty acids, trans-fatty acids and cholesterol, and low in alcohol. We conclude that the diets do not meet the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines.

Palabras clave : food habits; nutrients; university students; cardiovascular risk factors.

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