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vol.34 número1EVALUACIÓN DE LA INFLUENCIA DE DISTINTOS COMPONENTES DE LA DIETA SOBRE LA BIODISPONIBILIDAD POTENCIAL DE MINERALES EN ALIMENTOS COMPLEMENTARIOSCARACTERIZACIÓN FISICOQUÍMICA DE DIFERENTES VARIEDADES DE CEBADA CULTIVADAS EN LA REGIÓN CENTRO DE MÉXICO índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

MENDOZA V, Carolina; PINHEIRO F, Anna Christina  y  AMIGO C, Hugo. EVOLUTION OF THE FOOD SITUATION IN CHILE. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2007, vol.34, n.1, pp.62-70. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182007000100007.

The aim of this work was to assess the evolution of the food situation in Chile between 1964 and 2003. Food balance sheets (FAO), household survey of budget expenses (National Institute of Statistics) and quality of life and health survey (Health Ministry) were analysed. The dietary energy supply rose from 2,630 kcal/day/person in 1965 to 2,872 kcal/day/person in 2003. The amount of meat available for human consumption increased 20,6% between 1995 and 2003, but there was a decrease in fish/seafood (-33,3%) and fruits (-20,6%)availability. The intake of fat rose 50,5% between 1988 and 1997; household food expenses increased 31,1%, while its weight on total household expenses decreased 18,5%. This nutritional profile could explain the high prevalence of overweight/obesity and non-communicable chronic diseases observed in Chile. The modification of household food expenses also suggests an improvement in household income. Some opportunities and challenges for intervention in the Chilean population are proposed

Palabras clave : food situation; food expense; food available for human consumption; Chile.

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