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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

BAITZEL, Sarah I.  and  RIVERA INFANTE, Arturo F.. PREHISPANIC PRESENCE, SETTLEMENT PATTERNS AND ECOLOGICAL COMPLEMENTARITY IN THE LOMAS OF THE SAMA VALLEY, TACNA, PERU. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2019, vol.51, n.3, pp.381-402. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562019005001201.

Pedestrian survey of the middle Sama Valley (460-730 masl), Tacna, on the far south coast of Peru has identified 47 archaeological sites dating from the Archaic to the Late Horizon Period. Early hunter-gatherer populations occupied lomas and riparian environments in connection with coastal-highland mobility. The arrival of agropastoralist Cabuza populations in the terminal Middle Horizon foreshadowed Murra’s (1972) early Colonial “vertical complementarity” mode. Throughout the late prehispanic period a series of highlander incursions into the valley occurred attracted by the arable valley, lomas pasture, and proximity to the coast, culminating in the installation of Inca imperial infrastructure.

Keywords : Settlement patterns; lomas; south-Andean coast; Archaic Period; Middle Horizon; Late Horizon; verticality.

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