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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

GAJARDO CORTES, Claudio  and  THER RIOS, Francisco. ARTISANAL FISHING KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES: QUOTIDIAN EVENTS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF GUABÚN AND PUÑIHUIL FISHING VILLAGES, CHILOÉ ISLAND. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2011, vol.43, n.especial, pp.589-605. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562011000300014.

The article describes the system of knowledge and practice of artisanal fishing present in two fishing settlements located on the western edge of the Isla Grande de Chiloé, Chile. Besides being unknown institutionly, this knowledge and artisanal fishing practices have been impacted by regulatory and technical changes that occurred mainly between 1980 and 2000. We argue that the complexity of practice and time, uses and knowledge, always linked to biodiversity, involves differentiated sociocultural appropriation on the coast, which as a whole has potential for development and improved quality of life of its inhabitants. The differentiated appropriations derive from territorial processes that have caused specific relationships between each littoral society and it ways of life, nearby coastal resources and the use and management of them. The description and comparison of these systems are relevant to achieving a political - anthropological knowledge that helps elucidate improvements in culturally, environmentally and economically appropriate territorial development strategies. The analysis of artisanal fishing knowledge and practices thus allows and orients such strategies designed from its special, alternative features and possibilities that permit artisanal fishing communities to face the imminent crisis of marine resources.

Keywords : Knowledge and practices of artisanal fishing; sociocultural appropriation of the coast of Chiloé; anthropolitical policy of coastal development Isla Grande de Chiloé.

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