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vol.43 issueESPECIALTHE ARCHAIC-FORMATIVE TRANSITION IN THE CIRCUMPUNA AND WESTERN VALLEYS REGIONS IN THE SOUTH CENTRAL ANDES: TOWARD "NEOLITHIC" CHANGESTHE ANDEAN FEZ OR CHUCU AND THE PRESENCE OF ALTIPLANO POPULATIONS IN NORTHERN CHILE DURING THE LATE PERIOD (CA. 1,470-1,536 AD) author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

ALDENDERFER, Mark S  and  FLORES BLANCO, Luis. Thoughts on moving forward of the study of the archaic period in the south-central Andes. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2011, vol.43, n.especial, pp.531-550. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562011000300011.

The authors identify a number of outstanding research questions about the archaic period (10,000-4,300 Bp) and based upon these, make a number of suggestions about the conduct of future research in the region. These research questions include: (1) when did people first enter the south-central andes, what were the climatic conditions at that time, and what characterized the transition to the archaic? (2) what do we know of the archaic on the eastern flanks of the andes? (3) where is the archaic in Bolivia? (4) what was the nature of the archaic adaptation along the peruvian side of lake Titicaca? and (5) what is the status of our efforts to build a sound regional chronology for the archaic? we conclude with a discussion of three aspects of culture process in the region: (a) adaptations of the earliest inhabitants of the region, (b) the process of animal domestication and food production, and (c) the origins of complexity.

Keywords : south-central andes; archaic; lithic; paleoclimate; domestication; complexity.

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