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vol.35 issue2TRIANGULAR TESTIMONY: INDIVIDUALS FROM GUAMAN POMA'S NUEVA CORÓNICA AND FROM THE QUECHUA MANUSCRIPT OF HUAROCHIRÍ IN A LAWSUIT OVER THE CACICAZGO PRINCIPAL OF MAMA (1588-1590)LINKAGES BETWEEN A SOCIAL ARCHAEOLOGY AND OLLAGÜE'S INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY (REGION OF ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE) author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

ROTHHAMMER, Francisco et al. mtDNA ANALYSIS OF SKELETAL REMAINS FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF TIWANAKU AND ITS RELATION TO THE ORIGIN OF ITS BUILDERS. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2003, vol.35, n.2, pp.269-274. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562003000200006.

The origin of Tiwanaku populations hypothesized on the basis of linguistic and ethnohistorical information is tested using ancient mtDNA extracted from skeletal remains. 18 samples were analyzed of which 13 could be typed for amerindian haplogroups whose distribution (A: 8%, B: 15%, C: 23%, D: 23% y otros 31%) relates genetically the remains from Tiwanaku to extant amazonian and quechua populations. The number of analyzed samples is still to small to allow a subdivision by chronological phases in order to establish more precisely the origin of the Tiwanaku population. Nevertheless, the haplogroup distribution is significantly different from the distribution that characterizes the aymara.

Keywords : Amazonian origin ofTiwanaku populations; skeletal remains; ancient mtDNA.

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